CAD (Coronary Artery Disease AKA Heart Disease) is the leading cause of death world-wide.
The WHO (World Health Organization) states that Cardiovascular Disease/Coronary Artery Disease (CVD/CAD) is the number 1 cause of death globally: more people die annually from CVD/CAD than from any other cause. An estimated 17.7 million people died from CVDs in 2015, representing 31% of all global deaths. Of these deaths, an estimated 7.4 million were due to coronary heart disease making it the leading cause of death among the diseases classified as CVDs (coronary heart disease (CAD), cerebrovascular disease (stroke), peripheral arterial disease, rheumatic heart disease, congenital heart disease, deep vein thrombosis and pulmonary embolism).
In 2007 the first specific gene associated with CAD and CVD was discovered. Since then more than 50 additional genes linked to CAD and CVD have been identified. An estimated 50% of the total human population is estimated to carry these genes.
CAD IN THE UNITED STATES
- An estimated 610,000 people die of heart disease each year in the USA.
- Heart disease causes almost 25% of deaths (one in every four) in men and 33% of deaths (one in every three) in women each year in the United States.
- Heart disease is the leading cause of death for both men and women. More than half of the deaths due to heart disease are male.
- Coronary Artery Disease (CAD) is the most common type of heart disease. More than 370,000 people die from CAD in the USA each year.
- Every year about 785,000 Americans have a first coronary attack. Another 470,000 who have already had one or more coronary attacks have another attack.
- CAD alone is estimated to cost the United States $108.9 billion. This total includes the cost of health care services, medications, and lost productivity.
- 23% of women and 18% of men will die within one year of a first recognized heart attack; 22-32% of women and 15-27% of men heart attack survivors will die within five years.
- 12-25% of female and 7-22% of male heart attack survivors will be diagnosed with heart failure within five years.
WOMEN AND CAD
- More than 42 million women are currently living with some form of cardiovascular disease.
- More than 8 million women have a history of heart attack.
- Heart disease is the leading cause of death of American women, killing more than a third of them.
- 35.3% of deaths in American women over the age of 20, or more than 432,000, are caused by cardiovascular disease each year.
- More than 200,000 women die each year from heart attacks- 5 times as many women as breast cancer.
- More than 159,000 women die each year of congestive heart failure, accounting for 56.3% of all heart failure deaths.
- 48% of adult women have a total cholesterol of at least 200mg/dL.
- 50% of Caucasian women, 64% of African-American women, 60% of Hispanic women, and 53% of Asian/Pacific Islander women are sedentary and get no leisure time physical activity.
- 58% of Caucasian women, 80% of African-American women, and 74% Hispanic-American women are overweight or obese.
- Women with diabetes are 2.5 times more likely to have heart attacks.
- More women than men die of heart disease each year.
- Women are less likely than men to receive appropriate treatment after a heart attack.
- Women comprise only 27% of participants in all heart-related research studies.
- Percent of women 18 years and over who met the 2008 federal physical activity guidelines for aerobic activity through leisure-time aerobic activity: 44.6%
- Percent of women 18 years and over who currently smoke: 16.5%
- Percent of women 18 years and over who had 5 or more drinks in 1 day at least once in the past year: 13.6%
- Percent of women 20 years and over who are obese: 35.9%
- Percent of women 20 years and over with hypertension: 32.8%
OBESITY IN THE UNITED STATES
- Percent of adults age 20 years and over who are obese: 35.9%
- Percent of adults age 20 years and over who are overweight (and not obese): 33.3%
- Percent of adolescents age 12-19 years who are obese: 18.4%
- Percent of children age 6-11 years who are obese: 18.0%
- Percent of children age 2-5 years who are obese: 12.1%
- Yearly medical costs associated with obesity is estimated at $147 billion.
SMOKING AS THE TOP NON-GENETIC RISK FACTOR FOR CAD
- Smoking causes cancer, heart disease, stroke, and lung diseases (including emphysema, bronchitis, and chronic airway obstruction).
- For every person who dies from a smoking-related disease, 20 more people suffer with at least one serious illness from smoking.
- Worldwide, tobacco use causes more than 5 million deaths per year, and current trends show that tobacco use will cause more than 8 million deaths annually by 2030.
- In the United States, tobacco use is responsible for about one in five deaths annually (i.e., about 443,000 deaths per year, and an estimated 49,000 of these smoking-related deaths are the result of secondhand smoke exposure).
- On average, smokers die 13 to 14 years earlier than nonsmokers.
- Percentage of U.S. adults who were current smokers in 2010:9
- 19.3% of all adults (45.3 million people)
- 31.4% non-Hispanic American Indian/Alaska Native
- 25.9% non-Hispanic multiple race
- 21.0% non-Hispanic white
- 20.6% non-Hispanic black
- 12.5% Hispanic
- 9.2% non-Hispanic Asian
- Thousands of young people begin smoking every day.
- Each day, more than 3,800 persons younger than 18 years of age smoke their first cigarette.
- Each day, about 1,000 persons younger than 18 years of age begin smoking on a daily basis.
- Many adult smokers want to quit smoking.
- Approximately 69% of smokers want to quit completely.
- Approximately 52% of smokers attempted to quit in 2010.
Source: CDC – Centers for Disease Control and Prevention – http://www.cdc.gov