Heart Attack Myth #2 – I’m too healthy to have a heart attack.

Lifestyle choices are very important indicators for heart disease but they alone cannot be used to determine a person’s risk for heart attack or CAD.

Sadly many heart attack victims live with a false sense of security, unaware that they are living with a potentially deadly disease.

Lifestyle choices are very important indicators for heart disease but they alone cannot be used to determine a person’s risk for heart attack or CAD.

I have lived a very healthy lifestyle the vast majority of my life.  I’ve never smoked, done drugs, or had a poor diet.  I cut fried foods, dairy, beef and pork from my diet over 15 years before my heart attack.  Likewise I’ve never been a drinker of soft drinks or alcohol.  In addition to having a much better than average diet (for someone living in the USA), I exercise daily – a minimum of at least 45 minutes (those are my calves in the photo above).

On paper – discounting the MOST IMPORTANT INDICATOR for heart disease – I was the last person you’d suspect would have a deadly heart attack at age 46.

THE MOST IMPORTANT INDICATOR for heart disease is heredity – genetics – family history.  Dozens of genes have been identified and associated with heart disease.  These genes are passed down from generation to generation via our DNA.

You can live life as healthy as possible – making healthy choices such as:

  • The Best Diet (healthy natural foods, low fat/cholesterol, low sugar intake)
  • Active/Healthy Lifestyle (exercise regularly and maintain an ideal body weight/BMI)
  • No smoking or alcohol
  • No drugs

And you can still have CAD.  I know – because when I suffered my heart attack – I was and had been living the lifestyle above for decades. 

If the members of your immediate family have had issues with:

  • Uncontrolled Blood Pressure
  • Diabetes
  • Coronary Artery Disease (CAD)
  • Blood clot formation in the legs
  • Stroke

Then YOU are at a much greater risk for developing the same.

If your family has a history of CAD and you have borderline, moderate, or high cholesterol – you need to discuss medication options for managing your cholesterol with a qualified physician.

I inherited CAD.  It’s been with me my entire life.  The plaques (build up of fatty material in my arteries) which lead to my heart attack have most likely been with me since I was a teen.  I was literally a ticking time bomb.

I was lucky.  I survived and I am healthier now that I’ve ever been in my entire life.

DO NOT COUNT ON LUCK.  Get your blood tested and don’t be afraid or timid when it comes to asking questions to your doctor about what your test results mean.

KNOWLEDGE IS POWER – and understanding your risk for CAD is the first step in beating the odds and living a full, healthy, productive life without the shadow of heart disease looming over all that you do.

Heart Attack Myth #1 – I’m Too Young for a Heart Attack.

Heart Disease affects people of all ages. Men and Women as young as 20 have had heart attacks. Just because you are young doesn’t mean you are not at risk.

Heart attacks kill over 150,000 people in the USA each year.  More than 700,000 will experience a first heart attack.

Even though the average age of heart attack sufferers is 65 for men and 70 for women, this average is taken from samples of heart attack victims which range in age from their teens to their 90’s.

A recent Harvard Health Study found that 10% of heart attacks occur before the age of 45.  80% of these heart attacks are caused by CAD – Atherosclerotic blockages in coronary arteries.  The 0ther 20% can be attributed to various blood clotting disorders and congenital/structural defects of the heart.

Of the 80% who suffer heart attacks caused by CAD; 60% of these patients have blockages/disease in just ONE artery.

Another study of sudden deaths of men and women between the ages of 18 and 35 showed that half of these deaths were caused by various forms of heart disease.

Numerous studies indicate that CAD is established in childhood and teenage years and continues to worsen into adulthood.

The risk for life threatening or life ending heart attacks in men increase after age 45.  These risks for women increase after age 55.

In most cases treatment for high blood cholesterol and other heart disease risk factors could have prevented patient’s initial risk for heart attacks.

If any member of your direct family (those related to you by blood such as your mother or father or their parents) has died from or has been diagnosed with CAD – you need to discuss your potential for a higher than normal risk of CAD for yourself with a qualified health care professional.


The Cyclist’s Guide to Haleakala

A complete guide to successfully conquering Mt. Haleakala on a bicycle.

There are few climbs a cyclist can attempt that will take them from ocean level to over 10,000ft – and this is one of them.  Haleakala is a monstrous ride.  The numbers are straight forward – 35.52 miles, 10,548ft in total gained altitude (the summit is 10,023ft above sea level), a temperature differential of 30-40 degrees from surf to summit, and an average gradient of 5.5% (10-12% in places).

Strava says Haleakala (Pa’ia to Summit) is the “World’s longest continual uphill paved cycling course”, while oddly it is also listed as the shortest course in the world where you can go from ocean/sea level to 10,000ft. 

It’s the most difficult paved cycling course in the USA but ranked 2nd in overall difficulty (because the most difficult cycling course in the world – PERIOD – is one island over on “the Big Island” of Hawaii – the climb to Mauna Kea – 0 to 13,757ft over 42 miles).  Mauna Kea has 7km of gravel roads which makes it a difficult climb for you have to switch from your road bike to a gravel grinder or mountain bike then back to a road bike for the climb.

For “roadies” or road cyclists – Haleakala is the mountain to conquer; it’s the biggest climb a road cyclist can hope to accomplish.  This guide was written to help you make the best choices in preparation so your attempt will be successful.  A large majority of cyclists who set out to conquer Haleakala fail.  I know several “solid” cyclists who have made as many as 3 attempts to summit Haleakala and have still never succeed in reaching the summit.

A little aside – did you know that Haleakala is actually TALLER than Mt. Everest?  It’s true!  Both Haleakala and Mauna Kea are taller than Everest.  The rub is that nearly 20,000ft of each mountain is underwater.  If you measure both from where they leave the ocean floor to their summit you’ll find that Haleakala is 668 feet taller than Everest and Mauna Kea is nearly a mile taller!


I reached the summit on my first attempt – but I studied the course for months, trained for nearly a year, and had some amazing companies step up and help me through equipment sponsorships.


Ride Summary


  1. MAKE SMART CHOICES – If you’ve never done a 5 hour, 4,000+ calorie ride uphill, you really need to pay close attention to your riding habits and be honest with yourself about the choices you’re planning on making.  Is it smarter to go as light as possible and save every potential watt you can so that you’ll have more energy as you hit the higher altitudes (when you need it the most)?  Is the 53/39 chain ring setup you typically ride with the best choice or would a 50/34 give you a better chance at making the summit?  I chose an amazingly light weight but super aerodynamic bicycle for the ride (an Eagle Z3).  I stripped a full pound off the Eagle’s already impressive weight by replacing the Shimano bearings/crank for an ultra-light weight Rotor ceramic bottom bracket/crank.  I saved additional wattage each pedal stroke by choosing Rotor’s revolutionary Q-Ring oval chain ring system.  And I opted for a support car to carry all of the items I’d rather not strap to myself or my bike so I could ride clean – with as little weight as possible.  All of it added up – a few watts here and there – to give me what I needed for a successful attempt.  Pay attention to any and every choice you make as a rider and think about how you could make better choices (for the sake of energy economy) in how you approach this climb.
  2. DO NOT ATTEMPT THIS RIDE ALONE – It’s not so much about danger as it is being smart regarding the gear and nutritional support you’ll need.  I did the ride alone – but had a support car that would ride ahead of me and wait every 2 or 3 miles for me to make the climb up to their position.  They had energy gel (Hammer Gel), a change of kits (additional thermal layers), tools, batteries for the cameras mounted to me and my bike, and plenty of stroopwafels to make me happy when I wanted some extra carbs for fuel.  They paid my entry fee to the park – important for if you go alone carry a credit card (the park no longer accepts cash).   They also provided motivation – I knew they were waiting for me ahead – it helped me break the ride down into manageable segments.  I would tell myself, “Another mile and I’ll see the rented SUV and I’ll be that much closer to the summit.
    Lastly, there are some tricky places where you can get into trouble – especially in the higher altitudes.  You want someone there to help you if you need it.  I did suffer from slight altitude sickness (tunnel vision, shortness of breath, headache).  You don’t want to be alone and have a serious case of atmosphere sickness such as losing consciousness.    If I didn’t show up at the expected time based on my typical cycling pace – they knew to come back down and look for me.
  3. KNOW THE COURSE – I studied maps, read articles others had written, watched YouTube videos, and talked with cyclists who had attempted this ride for months before I arrived in Maui.  The day before my ride I drove up the course to see for myself what the road conditions were like.  I made mental notes of rough patches of asphalt, tricky corners, and places where the climb got really steep.  What struck me about my day before reconnaissance was just how massive – how big this mountain was and how long this climb was.   It is the tallest, longest, paved uphill course in the world.  And driving the course the day before helped me put all of the months of study in perspective; I had no idea how big this climb was.  You’ll want to do the same thing.  Stats and maps and videos and even this article cannot prepare you for how utterly BIG this climb is.  You have to see it for yourself.
  4. TAKE PLENTY OF HYDRATION AND NUTRITION – I burnt through 4,313 calories on this ride – twice what my normal “long” cycling course costs me.  The start of the ride is hot, humid, and the sun is relentless.  You get the shakes quickly in 90 degree heat when you are riding uphill at a good clip.  20 minutes into an almost 5 hour ride I was drenched in sweat.  You cannot do this course with a couple of bottles (I have a rack that holds 2 bottles on my bike).  I went through 12 bottles of water, 24 ounces of Hammer Gel (non-caffeinated), 6 Cliff Gel Packs and 6 Stroopwafels (Honey Stingers).  I would NOT have made the last 4 miles of the ride without everything listed above.  Again, if you have to carry all of this it’s going to make for a heavy backpack and you’ll probably not make it.  Attempt this climb without the right hydration and nutrition and I can promise you that you will not reach the summit.
  5. TAKE COLD WEATHER RIDING GEAR – I started the ride in a summer kit, no gloves (I don’t like to ride with gloves), light weight socks, and no thermal head protection (just my helmet).  On what I am calling “the 3rd Stage” of the climb – around 5,500ft – it was cold (around 55 degrees with the wind chill factor), wet, and windy.  This area of the climb, BTW, is the most common place for people to give up and turn around.  There’s a reason for it… it’s just miserable.  You’re in the cloud layer (if you’ve not started at the right time of day – see #6 below) and it’s wet, cold, and utterly miserable.
    Haleakala Temp to Altitude
    The graph above shows the temperature (still air) as an overlay compared to the altitude gained as I rode further up the mountain.  The temperature started at 90 degrees, rose to 94, and dropped to 50 by the time I hit the summit.  I stopped at 5,500ft and took a break.  I fueled up and changed into a thermal/water proof cycling jacket (by Castelli – it’s brilliant!), long water proof gloves, a second layer of socks, and I put on a thermal beanie/cap under my helmet to cover my ears and keep my head dry and warm.  These items helped make the next 4,500ft of climbing tolerable.  Without them I seriously doubt I would have made it.  BELOW – Funny the difference a few miles makes… on the left was 1 hour into the ride – the right – 2 hours. 
    Summit4CAD Haleakala October 2017
  6. START EARLY – The earlier the better.  Haleakala is so massive it creates its own weather.  If you start at sunrise you’ll make it to the lower switchbacks before the clouds can form there.  By 11am a thick layer of clouds starts to form between 5,000 and 7,000ft.  These clouds bring much cooler temperatures, tons of moisture (often in heavy downpours), and strong winds.  Hit this part of the mountain after these clouds have formed (like I did) and you’re in for a much more difficult ride.  Weather is of course affected by the time of year.  I did my ascent in October – for a very specific reason – it was the 1 year anniversary of my heart attack.  I even started the ride at a very specific time of day (I started when my heart attack started) and I should have known this was a mistake when the staff of the bike shop where I picked up some last minute supplies as I headed out for my ride looked at me like I was crazy.  October is a great month to climb Haleakala – but leave at dawn or face unrelenting heat (at the start) and misery in the middle (and to me the most difficult) part of the climb, and bone chilling temperatures at the summit.  The next time I cycle Haleakala – and there will be a next time for I loved this ride – I’ll start just as the sun is coming up.
  7. IF YOU ARE BRINGING YOUR OWN BICYCLE – I have to mention one of my sponsors because they saved me from an unimaginable bad experience.  Scicon Bicycle Technical BagsIt was vitally important to me that I rode MY bike on this ride.  I trained on my bike and my bike was specifically tailored to me for climbing big mountains.  I didn’t want to take any chance that my bike might arrive damaged.  Enter Scicon – their hard-shell Aerotech Evolution TSA case is simply brilliant.  Not only did my bike arrive in perfect condition – when I got ready to leave Maui I discovered (as thousands of XTERRA World Championship cyclists were discovering) that the Maui Airport doesn’t have a large x-ray machine.  This means that bicycles in bags or hard cases have to be manually inspected.  When I arrived at the TSA counter to check my bike in there was a line of several cyclists in front of me.  There were 2 TSA agents.  We were all told to “take our bikes OUT of their cases”.  As everyone started to open their bags and start pulling parts out… I simply opened 4 latches and swung the Aerotech Evolution open.  It is a clam shell design.  2 minutes later I was cleared, my case was closed back up and I was on my way to my gate.  One of the XTERRA guys was very upset because it was going to take 20-30 minutes to go through everything and rebag his bike and his plane left in 20 minutes.  He was going to miss his flight.  Get a Scicon Aerotech Evolution TSA 3.0 case.  Get to the airport early – I’d recommend 30 minutes to an hour.


My experience with Haleakala was challenging, but in an amazing way for it reaffirmed my belief that our minds are the most powerful component in achieving success.  I am not going to lie; I could have done the ride quicker.  But to do so would have really pushed my physical boundaries and since I decided to assault Haleakala AFTER having a life-threatening STEMI heart attack; I figured I best not push my luck.

What I found most challenging about the climb was the little battle I kept having inside my head.  If you look at the ride as a whole – it is beyond intimidating.   The battle for me was to stop looking at the whole and break it down into parts.

In retrospect – after all of the articles, websites, and videos I’d watched as I was training for the ride – I knew that I wanted to offer anyone who wants to take the time to read all of this a different perspective on how to successfully assault this incredibly difficult ride.

I’ve broken the ride down into 5 parts – I’m calling them stages for lack of a better word.  I’m going to provide the little tricks and tips I would have appreciated someone sharing with me and I’ll give you some personal insight into areas of the ride I found challenging.

I would love to hear from anyone who has read this article and has found this information useful.

STAGE 1 – PA’IA to HWY 377


STAGE 1 – PA’IA TO HWY 377 (The Haleakala Highway):  The quaint coastal town of Pa’ia is located a few miles east from Kahului (where the main airport for the island is located).  I stayed in Kahului.  A 10 minute ride up HWY 36 and you’ll arrive in Pa’ia.  Just before you get into the town (proper) there will be a public beach to your left with free parking.  Just beyond this the road splits off to the right in a bizarre little “mini- bypass” road.  DO NOT TAKE THIS ROAD.  Immediately past the mini bypass to the right is the Pa’ia Town Public Parking Lot.  You can park here if there’s an available spot.  If not take a left out of the lot and head back to the free public parking at the beach.

ABOUT PA’IA – It’s your starting point.  If you want to actually get the full “ocean level to summit” experience – you can walk your bike out to the public beach and dip your tires in the ocean.  I passed on this… I didn’t want to risk getting my nicely lubed chain sandy.  But still, many people do it.

MAUI CYCLERY – Every year there’s a “Summit to the Sun” race that starts in Pa’ia and ends on Haleakala’s summit.  The current official Summit to the Sun record holder is Jonathan Vaughters having finished in 2 hours and 38 minutes (2 hours and 1 minute faster than my ride).   Maui Cyclery is legendary because the guy who started this race owns the shop.  Mr. Donnie Arnoult is a name you need to remember.  He’s the owner of Maui Cyclery and Go Cycling Maui Tours.  He and his staff know all the ins and outs of Haleakala.  They can fix your bike (they were removing scorpions from inside the frame of a mountain bike visiting from Arizona when I dropped in!), help you with supplies (they have killer “I climbed Haleakala” jerseys and t-shirts), and if you don’t want to take your bicycle they will rent you a very nice road bike for your climb.

Ride Start

BALDWIN AVE – This is the first traffic light you’ll come to in town from the direction of the beach/parking lot.  Take a right onto Baldwin and this is where your climb starts!

It’s a nicely paved, smooth, asphalt 2 lane road with little curves and long straightaways.  In many ways it’s really a very nice ride.  There’s lots of farm land on either side of the road, some pretty stone churches, a nice little stone walled 90 degree bend that’s a great photo op (my crew missed this op but hey!).

The air is humid and heavy.  If you don’t start early enough the sun and heat build quickly.  It was 94 degrees as I rode up Baldwin Ave toward the little town of Makawao.

Baldwin Ave is probably the easiest part of the entire course, but don’t let these first 7 miles lull you into a sense of feeling good about the climb.  Your first challenge awaits you in Makawao. 

BALDWIN AVE. TURNS INTO OLINDA ROAD IN MAKAWAO – You’ll come into the little town of Makawao with it’s row of neat little shops and you’ll come to a stop light at Makawao Ave.  You’ll keep going through this light – where Baldwin Ave. magically becomes Olinda Rd.

Turns_Baldwin Ave to Olinda Rd

Oh hell.  Yep.  The first real climb of the day awaits you immediately as you pass through this stop light.  The start of Olinda Rd. is a 12% grade straight up over a 1/2 mile distance.  In the heavy, hot, humid air it will make your legs and lungs burn.


I want to note that this was the ONLY point of this entire ride that I got out of the saddle.  I trained for months on a different bike than my Eagle Z3 – and had a month to get acclimated to it for this climb.   The EAGLE Z3 is amazing in that the architecture, although an aero bike made for speed, is very forgiving in a climb.  I am able to take some big hills and steep inclines in the saddle with this bike.  The Z3’s frame is so rigid and effective at transferring power I didn’t HAVE to stand up to get into a good uphill grind except for here.

Shortly after hitting the top of the hellish Makawao/Olinda hill you are given a VERY RARE gift that you won’t see again except one more time on this ride – you get a little downhill break.

First you’ll climb a very gentle uphill grade for another mile then at the Maui Roping Club’s Okie Rice Arena Sign hang a right onto Hanamu Rd.

Turns_Olinda to Hanamu Rd Turn

You’ll enjoy a short downhill run (watch out for the speed bumps! No I’m not kidding) and before long (less than a mile) Hanamu Rd merges with Kealaloa Ave.  Be sure to follow Hanamu onto Kealaloa – and DO NOT take the sharp right turn onto Kealoloa.  Make the wrong turn here and you are going to be really upset for it takes you back away from the mountain.

Turns_Hanamu to Kealaloa Ave

The next stretch of road is really beautiful.  It was the first break in the heat I’d had since starting the ride.  This stretch of Kealaloa Ave. cuts through a deeply shaded area of heavy forest.  Cool breezes hit me as I rode through the thickest forest you’ll see on this ride.  This extremely enjoyable stretch of road is gone too soon and you’ll find yourself facing the wide and smooth asphalt surface of HWY 377 – The Haleakala Highway.  Take a Left onto this highway and start STAGE 2 of your climb!

Turns_Kealaloa Ave to HWY 377

STAGE 2 – HWY 377 to HWY 378


STAGE 2 – HWY 377 to HWY 378 – This short 5 mile course takes you up the Haleakala highway at a steeper course than the first 7 miles – averaging 6-7%.  Haleakala is deceptive because you think 5.5% average – no problem.  But you have many 7,8,9 and 10% sections – and they are not a few hundred feet.  Some are several football fields long.

It is relatively straight and there’s a nice shoulder.  Cars are very courteous – you’ll have much more traffic here than on Baldwin Ave.

This 5 mile section is the last area where you can get supplies if you need them – Around mile 13 – at around 3,100ft – tucked down on the right side of the road (the roof is visible from the road) is the Kula Marketplace.  Stop here if you need anything to eat or if you need to use the restroom.  The next available stop will be 12 miles up the mountain at 7,000ft. (the Haleakala National Park’s Welcome Center).

Turns_Kula Market

1 mile past the Kula Marketplace you’ll come up on the last turn you’ll make on your ascent – the sharp left turn onto HWY 378.  This is a great photo opportunity for you’ll have a cool “Haleakala Crater 22 miles” sign in the center of the split in the road.

You are at 3,329 feet altitude and you are 14.27 miles into a 35.52 mile ride.  Don’t get too excited because all hell is about to break loose on you.  Welcome to Stage 3!

HWY 378 to the Park Gate


I’m not going to lie; if you can survive the next 10 miles you’ll probably complete the ride and reach the summit.  The next 10 miles will see your altitude nearly double.  And that’s not the worst of it.  The worst of it comes in the form of weather.  IF you didn’t listen to me about leaving early you are going to get stuck in some truly miserable riding conditions.  The ONLY way through it is to be mentally prepared and just keep pedaling.

Let’s talk about what I liked about this section of the ride:

  • This stretch of highway has the altitude marked with nice road signs.  Every 500ft in altitude gained is marked clearly to inspire you to continue climbing.
  • When you clear the tree line – where the worst weather awaits you – some beautiful soul (or souls) who suffered this ride long before you must have been so affected by the experience that they decided to come back with stencils and spray paint and in the worst sections of the switchbacks – where the gradient turns ugly at 8 and 9% – they spray painted inspirational messages on the shoulder of the road.  I discovered a pattern.  These messages appear right BEFORE the road gets ugly.  Messages such as “Breathe” were a comfort to me.  It let me know that someone else had suffered in the miserable sideways pouring rain where the cloud layer is so thick you can’t see 30 feet in front of you.
  • Near the end of this stage – about a mile before you reach the gates of the National Park, you have another little section with some downhill action – it’s brief but man does it feel good.
  • If you are smart and you start early this section would boast some truly amazing scenery of the island below you.   I came back two days later to do my descent ride and had learned by then to start early.  I shot the photo below (left) at around 9am.  The photo to the right was shot at around noon (note I’m in the curve on my bike in this photo).  There’s a big difference in ride quality between these two times.

Let’s talk about what I didn’t like about this section of the ride:

  • Pretty much everything else.  This section was lonely.  It was dark and stormy and full of all the things that cyclists hate the most; bad weather and more bad weather.
  • CATTLE GUARDS!!!!  If you’ve never experienced these widely set steel bars with empty space below them – know that they were designed to keep cattle from crossing them.  So yeah – if they are wide enough to discourage a cow from stepping on it you can imagine how much fun riding a bicycle over one is.  And there are several of them in this section.  You’re also likely to have cattle standing on the side of the road staring at you.  Just remember these guards when you come back down.  Hit one off center at 30mph and you’re going to be in a very bad situation.  You want to hit them directly straight on.  And make sure your bottles are set down in your bottle racks.  The deep vibrations caused by these guards as you roll over them can send loose bottles flying.

The best strategy for getting through this stage – which is the section of the ride where most people give up and quit – is to hunker down – focus on your pedaling – and ignore the nagging little voice in your head reminding you how nice the weather is at the beach right now.

Know that a great – amazing experience awaits you in Stage 4 if you can only make it through this mess.  Also know – as I’ve pointed out several times now – that if you were smart and left early enough you’ll miss the bad weather aspect of this Stage.

You’ll still have the rough gradients and what seems like a never-ending torturous uphill grind; but these things await you in the next stage as well.  That’s the nature of Haleakala.  It’s a never-ending uphill struggle.

You should know that your time in Stage 3 is coming to an end when you leave the open space of the switchbacks and find yourself in an alpine forest.  Another mile or so and you’ll come around a bend – the ground will level out some (a gentle 3% grade) and you’ll see the gate of the Haleakala National Park in front of you.

Park Gate to 9,000ft


STAGE 4 – UPPER SWITCHBACKS – When you arrive at the gate for the Haleakala National Park – you know that things are going to be OK.  Not that the final 3,500ft in altitude – the next 11.75 miles are going to be easy.  But it’s just that you can finally see the end – literally.  If the cloud cover isn’t too thick – you can see the observatory off to the right on the summit of the mountain above you.

You’re a mile from the Park Visitor’s Center where you can use the restroom and take a break.  And then the much larger and gentler upper switchbacks lay above you.  There are 21 lower switchbacks and only 5 upper switchbacks.  These upper switchbacks are much gentler – averaging 5%.

The price for the easier climb comes in several forms:

  • The roads are not near as nice.  These are Federal Roads and they are rough.  Old, cracked, bumpy asphalt is all you will find in this section of the climb.
  • There are no guard rails and the shoulder is practically non-existent.  You could (in several places) go off an embankment over the side of the mountain to your death – or at best a nasty crash with broken bones and a crushed bicycle.  There is little wiggle room so you have to pay attention to the traffic coming up behind you.  The good news is that every driver I encountered was polite and gave me the 3ft distance required by federal law.  Many gave me “Shaka” (hang 10) hand signs out the windows of their cars.  Some honked – not rudely but as a sign of respect.  And others yelled encouragement out their windows for making it to this point is no small feat.
  • The air gets noticeably thin around 8,000ft but you come out of the cloud layer (if you’d been unfortunate enough to get caught in it).
  • Even though you’ve come out of the clouds into the sun again, it’s noticeably colder and the wind is much stronger.

At around 8,000ft you get an amazing reward for having toiled through the lower switchbacks; you come out above the clouds and the view is unlike anything on this Earth.

If you saw the movie “Oblivion” – the amazing skies that surrounded Tom Cruise’s “sky tower” were shot at the summit of Haleakala over a 3 week period.  The view is simply stunning.

I honestly can’t remember anything about this section of the ride except how beautiful the landscape above the clouds was and how pleasant the gradient of the climb had become.  The only issue for me became how much thinner the air was.

This is where I want to thank another sponsor – Smith Sport Optics – for being so supportive but additionally, for designing the best cycling helmet in the world (in my humble opinion).  The Smith Podium TT helmet is light weight, comfortable, and has interchangeable windscreens.  It comes with a clear windscreen and with a red mirrored windscreen featuring Smith’s innovative “Chroma-Pop” lens technology.  What you get is super crisp imagery with the best UV eye protection available.  That helmet kept me cool in Pa’ia, warm in the last 3 stages, and protected my eyes in both dark/rainy and ultra-bright sunny conditions.

Before long you are staring at a sign that says “9,000ft” and your time in Stage 4 has come to an end!

STAGE 5 – 9,000ft to Summit


STAGE 5 – 9,000ft to SUMMIT – I decided to break this last 2.17 mile stretch of road out into its own stage.  I did this for several reasons:

  • There are no more switchbacks.  You can see the white domes of the observatory off in the distance before you.
  • This last 2 miles nearly took me an hour to complete – my lungs completely gave out on me.  The lack of high atmosphere conditioning is killer at this altitude with this much exertion.  I’d pedal a few hundred feet – get tunnel vision – and stop to catch my breath.  My head was pounding at this point.
  • The last 1/2 mile to the summit is a brutal 10% grade – it’s honestly the worst thing you’ll encounter – not because it’s so bad.  It’s not.  The asphalt is new and pristine.  It’s about 300ft over 1/2 mile.  It’s just that you have no energy, no oxygen, and if you are like me – you’ve just blasted through 4,300+ calories and you’ve simply got very little in the tank.

Don’t give up.  Take your time.  There’s no rules against stopping to catch your breath.  These are the words I kept telling myself.  Forget that with some additional high atmosphere conditioning I could have finished in under 4 hours.  That aside… I took this last 2 miles slowly, at a safe pace to ensure I’d finish them.

And there’s no feeling like making it to the summit.  You come into a circular parking area and directly in front of you there’s a little curb and a rough asphalt pathway made specifically for cyclists that winds back around to the actual summit and the welcome building there.  If you don’t pay attention and notice this little dark patch of pavement you might mistakenly shoulder your bike and walk up the tall set of stairs to get to the summit.  No need to do that!  You can ride all the way up.  And actually it’s an easier path to go.  Those stairs are steep!

If you stop as you are entering the parking lot – this is a great place to get a shot of you with the clouds behind/below you.  Some people hoist their bikes up above their head.  I didn’t feel up to it.  I was beat.  I decided to go with the – look how strong I am – flex your arm muscle pose.

In all it’s an amazing feeling.  And you’ve earned it – inch by inch.  Haleakala is a serious test of endurance and strength (mental and physical).

Now that you’ve finished your climb you can opt to cycle back down.  I decided to hang out, make some videos (thanking sponsors and friends who had been so supportive) and do some photos.

I decided to come back 2 days later after I was rested to do the ride down.  I came as soon as the park’s gates opened to non-reservation entrants (to get into the park from 3am to 7am – to see the sun rise – you have to make a reservation.  Space is limited and you need to make a reservation as far in advance as possible.  Once the available spaces are gone you can’t get in).  We were there at 8am.  I started my ride at 8:45 and 54 minutes later I was cruising into Pa’ia.  But that’s another story…


Coming down Haleakala is extremely fun.  You can rent bicycles just to ride down.  You’ll see vans with dozens of mountain bikes strapped to their roofs riding up the mountain in the morning.  What they won’t do is enter the park.  These people (who pay to ride down the mountain) don’t get the full summit to base experience.  They start below 7,000ft in Stage 3 – the lower switchbacks.  It’s still an impressive ride.  But it’s not the full experience you get when you cycle to the summit and then cycle back down.

WORD OF WARNING – Make sure your road bike is in top mechanical condition.  I hit speeds up to 48mph coming down.  I averaged 37mph (2 mph above the speed limit).  I didn’t need to worry about moving out of the way of cars coming down behind me – I was moving faster than they were (as you’ll see in the video above – my support van followed me down with a GoPro mounted to its windshield filming me).

Breaking is of vital importance.  Most rim-brake bikes will not be suitable unless they are fitted with direct mount brakes (my Eagle is again a brilliant design – it features direct mount caliper brakes which are much more efficient and powerful than standard mount calipers), or hydraulic caliper brakes.   Disc brakes are ideal.

You HAVE to pay close attention to the upper switchbacks.  That road is less smooth and can be wet and/or have patches of sand that has blown into it.  Hit a thick sandy patch in a turn at 25mph and you will fly off the road and if it’s in the wrong part of a switchback – right off the side of the mountain.  Any crash above 20mph is ugly.  On this mountain such a crash could be deadly.

If you are not absolutely comfortable controlling your bike at high speeds, take it slowly.  You’ll heat up your brakes, but best to go slower and be safe than to push yourself outside your comfort and safety zone.

Once you make it through the park gates the smooth, wide asphalt of the lower switchbacks and the roads coming up to the mountain are a welcome change.  Much smoother and easier to control your bike on, I really loosened up and started enjoying the ride.

In all, Haleakala is simply an amazing experience and one you should certainly have on your cycling bucket list.

Maui is beautiful, the people there are genuinely kind and friendly, and the roads are simply a joy to cycle on.  It’s a cycling paradise.


Cycling 20 Minutes Each Day Can Reduce Your Risk of CAD and Cancer by 50%

The World Health Organization (WHO) has established minimum guidelines for exercise which has been shown to reduce your risk for heart disease and cancer. These guidelines state that adults aged 18–64 should do at least 150 minutes of moderate-intensity aerobic physical activity throughout the week or do at least 75 minutes of vigorous-intensity aerobic physical activity throughout the week or an equivalent combination of moderate – and vigorous-intensity activity.

The study published in Medicine & Science in Sports & Exercise looked at the activity levels and heart health of more than 1,500 men and women ages 37 to 55 over a five-year span. Those who racked up the highest amount of short-bout activity (the average was 28 minutes) on a daily basis were 31 percent less likely to develop high blood pressure than those who accumulated the least. Each 10-minute increase in short-bout activity dropped the subjects’ risk 9 percent.

Similarly, the Copenhagen Heart Study, which monitored over 5000 people over a period of 14 years, found a major association between high intensity cycling and reduced risk of coronary heart disease death.

Choosing a Bicycle – A Guide to Bicycle Types

Cycling can be a vital element in your fight to stay healthy and fit; but it can also come with some daunting, if not utterly confusing choices.

Do you want to ride indoors or outside?  Are you going to ride on streets, paths, trails, or a little of everything?  Do you want simplicity or do you enjoy tinkering?  The list goes on and on…

For the uninitiated these questions sometimes only create more questions and before long; frustration.  Consider this a primer to help you make better sense of what you are faced with when entering a bicycle shop and you inevitably start looking at the myriad styles and choices presented.


Before you start looking at what sort of bike you may want you should first ask yourself a few simple questions and think about your answers.  There are no right or wrong answers – just choices.  Based on how you answer the following questions you’ll have a much better idea of where you should start.

Where do I want to ride my bicycle? Indoors, outside, or both?
  • If you choose indoors – you want to look at an indoor stationary bicycle.
  • If you choose outdoors – go to the next question.
  • If you choose both – you will want an indoor trainer that will convert your outdoor bicycle to an indoor stationary bicycle. And you should go to the next question.
Do you want to ride on streets/paved paths, dirt/gravel roads, or off-road (the beach, snow, wooded trails), or a little of all of the above? 
  • If you choose streets/paved paths – you can look at road bikes, cruiser bikes, touring bikes, recumbent bikes, urban/hybrid bikes, fixies (fixed gear bike), and commuter/e-bikes.
  • If you choose dirt/gravel roads – you can look at rigid mountain bikes, gravel grinder (cyclocross) bikes, and urban/hybrid bikes.
  • If you choose off-road – you can look at full-suspension mountain bikes, fat bikes, and hard tail mountain bikes.
  • If you choose a little of all of the above – you should consider the type of surface you’ll most likely ride on the most and go from there.
Will you be riding on mostly flat courses or hilly or mountainous? 
  • If you choose mostly flat – you can opt for a bike with limited gearing (saves money and makes the bike easier to maintain) or you can go with a bike that has multiple gear options.
  • If you choose hilly – you may want to skip the simple gearing and opt for more gears – this makes transitioning from flats to hills easier.
  • If you choose mountainous – you will absolutely want more gears.  It’s a must.
What sort of budget do you have? 
  • If you have a limited budget – there’s no shame in that.  You’ll have plenty of entry level options.  I consider entry level anything up to about $500.00 in price.
  • If you have a more substantial budget – say $500 to $1,500 – you can get a really nice mid-range bike.
  • If you want a bike that will turn heads and make a statement – from $1,500 to $4,000 and you can ride a very nice bicycle with lots of bells and whistles.
  • If you have silly money and simply want the best of the best regardless what activity you engage in – expect to spend anywhere from $7,000 to $12,000 or possibly more.


If you never care to be outdoors and you want to cycle purely for the physical/health benefit of it – you may want to consider a good gym membership that offers cycling machines.  “Spin Classes” are aerobic classes which use indoor cycling trainers.

If a gym membership isn’t appealing you can always invest in one of these machines for your home.  In most cases an indoor dedicated cycling machine is less expensive than a mid-line road bike.   Most are under $3,000.


Trainer tech has been around for decades and other than some refinements (such as integration with online services) these systems use similar configurations.  You have two main types of indoor stationary trainers – recumbent (pictured above) and traditional upright (pictured below).

Recumbent trainers allow you to lay back and sit more like you would in a chair.  Traditional upright trainers are like traditional bicycles.


Both use resistance (either manually controlled or computer controlled) to simulate road cycling.  New innovations include cool graphical displays or the ability to use your tablet or computer to track bio-metric data while riding.   These systems are typically heavy, expensive, and large.


Designed to allow you to use your regular road bicycle indoors, these trainers come in a variety of configurations most notably the type of resistance (friction, fluid, magnetic), and contact type (roller or direct mount).  Newer, high-end versions are called “smart trainers” and they provide power information (wattage), cadence (RPM), and biometric information (heart rate).


Roller Trainers – A resistance trainer that requires you to balance your bicycle as if you were riding on the road.  A benefit of these trainers is that you will engage more muscle groups when riding one because you will have to balance and keep your core tight, the same as if you were riding on the road.  The negatives are they can be tricky to master and there is a whole category of “epic fail” videos on YouTube you should probably watch before buying one.

PRO – Helps you improve pedaling form (i.e., smooth stroke and holding a straight line).
PRO – Engaging both physically and mentally.
PRO – Set-up is very simple.

CON – Requires a higher level of skill and practice.
CON – Less stable for hard, out of saddle efforts.
CON – Easy to store, a little harder to transport


Stationary Resistance Trainers (Turbo Trainer) – These trainers are stationary stands that you mount your bicycle on.  The back tire rests on a roller that provides resistance through a number of different methods.  The most affordable runs around $50 and uses resistance created by the bearings in the roller housing.  Fluid resistance trainers are a step-up for they are slightly less noisy.  Magnetic trainers are the top-end of the spectrum and are much less noisy than friction or fluid resistance models.

PRO – Stable for efforts both in and out of the saddle.
PRO – Very easy to store and transport.
PRO – Realistic road feel.

CON – Some trainers may be louder than a set of rollers.
CON – Does not correct poor pedaling form.
CON – Not compatible with some frames and wheel options.


Smart Trainers – These trainers require you to remove the back wheel off your bicycle to mount your bike to them.  They are typically magnetic resistance systems with an internal power meter.  They offer Bluetooth connectivity to transmit biometic, cadence, power, and any other data they collect to your cycling computer.  They offer the best training experience indoors among stationary resistance trainers (that you use your outdoor bicycle with) and can be a powerful tool in helping you reach training, performance, and fitness goals.

PRO – Stable for efforts both in and out of the saddle.
PRO – More compatibility options for virtual training and other training apps.
PRO – Provides ample performance data.

CON – Expensive – some models cost upwards of $1,000.
CON – Heavy and bulky, may be difficult to store and travel with.
CON – Not compatible with some frames and wheel options.


You’ve decided you want to ride on the road or paved bicycle paths and you’re not really interested in taking your bicycle onto gravel or dirt.  The majority of bicycle styles/makes are designed for asphalt/pavement riding.  The question is now – what type of bicycle is going to be best for you?


ROAD BICYCLES – The term road bicycle describes a class of bicycle with drop handlebars, thin/skinny tires, and a complex gearing system consisting of multiple gear options (derived from a front chain ring and rear sprocket/cog setup).  Road bicycles are designed for traveling at moderate speed on pavement.

There are many subsets (types) of road bikes.  These include road bikes designed for speed, for climbing, for aerodynamic advantage, and for casual riding.

ABOVE – a classic road bike design with a frame made from round steel tubes.

BELOW – a high-end performance road racing bike with a carbon-fiber frame shaped for aerodynamic advantage.


The main differences between types of road bikes has to do with their purpose and the materials used to construct them.  Weight is a major factor in cost and performance.  Lighter bicycles with aerodynamic frames and components use less energy to move through the air.  The materials used to give strength and rigidity to a bicycle frame while allowing for the tube shape to be aerodynamic and light weight are expensive to produce.  Carbon fiber is the most common material.  Many high-end performance road racing bicycles have frames which are made using the same materials and techniques used to make the frames of Formula 1 racing cars.  As a result these bicycles are very expensive.

Above: An Eagle Z3 Aero Road Bicycle – for more about Eagle road bicycles – follow this link: https://eaglebicycles.com/zseries/


TIME TRAIL (TT)/TRIATHLON BICYCLES – These bicycles, often classified in a category of their own, are the penultimate road racing machines specifically designed for all-out speed.  They are the most aerodynamic pedaling machines ever designed and created.  They are so narrowly focused in their design and function that they are rarely ridden outside of professional (and amateur) cycling competitions.  They are easily recognized for their handle bar design – a system created to make the rider take a very low stance on the bicycle – reducing their aerodynamic footprint.

Above: An Eagle T3 TT/Triathlon Bicycle – for more about Eagle TT/Triathlon bicycles follow this link: https://eaglebicycles.com/eagle-t3/

TOURING BICYCLES – These bicycles are designed to be ridden over long distances, usually with baggage/luggage.  These bicycles are essentially road bikes with special mounts that allow you to attach “saddlebags” to the frame.  They will typically have bigger tires (meaning wider with more tread) and have more gearing options.  They will have heavier frames and they are typically more robust that standard road bikes. These are a great choice if you have to carry books or items with you when you ride.

Note that in the photo of the touring bike above – the seat is level with the handlebars.  This makes for a more upright and comfortable stance while pedaling.  Look at the road bikes above.  The seats are always higher than the bars, meaning you have to bend over further to peddle – which forces you into a more aerodynamic stance.  This is great for racing and going fast, not so great for riding long distances.


HYBRID/CITY/URBAN/FITNESS BICYCLES – Over the past decade a this style of bicycle has been marketed under several names.  They all share a set of similar features.  Originally the Hybrid bicycle was a hard-tail mountain bike that had road bike components while retaining the flat-bar handle bars of a mountain bike.  Manufacturers started developing new frames which were not quite road bike and not quite mountain bike.  The result is an agile, stable, durable, and extremely comfortable bicycle.  These make excellent commuter bicycles for they can be ridden longer distances without the discomfort that a more traditional road bike frame and drop bars may create.

Like with the Touring bike design, the seat and handlebars of hybrid bicycles are level.  This greatly assists in making this style of bicycle much more comfortable for exercise or everyday commuting.


FIXED GEAR BICYCLE – or “Fixie” is a road bike frame with a single “fixed” gear.  These are bicycles at their most pure.  No cables, no levers, no complications.  There are no brakes – you have to apply reverse pressure to the pedals to slow down.  Popular among college students – they are very affordable and they are relatively maintenance free.  The cons are they can be a serious work out if there are hills in your commute and they are typically very limited in the speed you can attain.  Build a Fixie for speed and it’s a bear to pedal up to speed (takes a lot of effort).  Build it to be easy to pedal and get used to going nowhere fast.  They can also be dangerous if you need to stop quickly.  I’ve seen many Fixie riders “Fred Flintstone” their stops – they put their shoes on the ground and drag themselves to a stop.


CRUISER BICYCLES – These bicycles are designed for suburbia.  They typically have a super relaxed architecture with the bars being much higher than the seat and very low frame tubes so it is easy to swing your leg over them to mount and ride.  They also typically feature limited gearing (3 to 7 gears).  They may also be  equipped with baskets, carry racks, and fenders (to keep road debris, water, and mud) off the rider.  They are designed for relaxed commuting.


RECUMBENT BICYCLES – These are bicycles for those who love to be different.  They are designed to be ridden in a laid-back body position (like the recumbent indoor bicycle trainer).  These bicycles are a little more tricky to master for their center of gravity is much higher (meaning that the gravity center of the wheels is far below the total weight of your body making them top heavy, even though your body is much lower to the ground than a traditional upright bicycle) and their wheelbase is typically longer than a standard bicycle.   These bicycles are great for people with back issues.  One note – they are not for those who want to go fast.  They typically do better with cyclists who like to take their time and cruise from place to place.


ELECTRIC BICYCLES (E-BIKE) – For the sake of being thorough I am including the e-bike in this list; they exist and they are growing in popularity.  I do not personally approve of them for people who want to cycle for fitness.  Riding a bicycle with an electric motor isn’t going to help you meet your fitness/health goals.   These bicycles are very useful for commuters – but before you consider buying one BE VERY WARY!  There are many cities that have passed local ordinances (laws) stating that e-bikes are effectively mopeds and therefore they are not allowed in bike lanes, paths, or sidewalks.  They also don’t allow you to ride them on the streets because you can’t get a license plate for one.   New York City has outlawed e-bikes using laws like the ones I just mentioned.  You can buy an e-bike in NYC.  But you cannot ride it there.  I expect States to get in on this action soon – they’ll start taxing e-bikes as mopeds or motorcycles, meaning you’ll have to register them, get tags, and only be able to ride them in certain places.  Or if you are in NYC – you can’t ride them anywhere.


Originally this was the realm that the Hybrid Bicycle was supposed to bridge.  Not quite off-road like a mountain bike, and not quite a pavement bike, but workable in both environments.

At the same time people were getting the crazy idea to build out mountain bike frames with road bike components, a different group of people were having an equally crazy idea to take a road bike frame and build it out with mountain bike components.

The true heirs to the world of dirt/gravel roads and bumpy rough paved trails are the Hybrid and the Cyclocross bikes.  I’ve talked about Hybrid/Urban/City/Fitness bikes above.  Know that for light trail duty these bikes when equipped with larger tires do an excellent job on these surfaces.

Here are a few other options that also excel at the land between the asphalt jungle and the untouched nature of the wilderness.


CYCLOCROSS BICYCLES – Sometimes called “Gravel Grinders” – these bicycles are the answer to the question, “why can’t I ride a road bike off road?”  Now you can.  Road bike frames, bars, stems, seats, seat posts, and rims married to wider knobby tires (which are still much thinner than a traditional mountain bike’s tires), mountain bike disc brakes, mountain bike cranks/chain rings to form a surprisingly stable yet extremely fast bicycle you can ride through the mud and up gravel roads.


RIGID MOUNTAIN BICYCLES – These bicycles are the original form that the first mountain bikes took back in the 1970’s in California.  They are called RIGID mountain bikes because they lack any form of suspension.  Modern “true” mountain bikes have either front fork suspension (Hard-Tail) or full body suspension for absorbing bumps when riding on rough terrain.  The rigid mountain bike is a more heavy, robust version of the hybrid bicycle.  Featuring full-size mountain bike tires these bikes are more off-road than the other two selections in this section.  But they are not really suited for true off-road cycling.  They are best when ridden on the level surfaces of dirt/gravel roads and bumpy paved trails.


These bicycles are specifically designed for a singular purpose – to travel in places where there are no paths or roads.  Truly designed to make their own path through the wilderness, off road bicycles are the opposite end of the spectrum in the bicycle world from road bikes.


HARD-TAIL MOUNTAIN BICYCLES – Are a class of mountain bike featuring a solid frame (not unlike the frames of rigid mountain bikes) and some form of air or hydraulic front fork suspension.  These bicycles are one of my favorites for they can be adapted for cycling almost anywhere.  You can “lock” the suspension features of most modern front suspension forks if you want – making the fork rigid.  This turns your hard-tail into a rigid mountain bike.  Put thinner tires on it and now it can be ridden like a hybrid (the first hybrid bikes had rigid/hard-tail mountain bike frames).   Hard-tail bikes can be easily (and cheaply) adapted for many different riding styles and therefore they are a great choice for those who are undecided regarding where they want to focus their cycling efforts.

Above: An Eagle Patriot Hard-Tail Mountain Bicycle – for more about Eagle mountain bikes follow this link: https://eaglebicycles.com/eagle-patriot/


FULL-SUSPENSION MOUNTAIN BICYCLES – Are designed for climbing up rocky areas, jumping, and riding across extremely inconsistent surfaces.  They are not meant to be ridden fast for a lot of the energy you’d need to move your bicycle fast is lost through the flexibility of the frame.  What is notable is that these bicycles can go places no other bicycle could dream of because they are designed to give the rider the leverage needed to climb, traverse, and cross areas that would break other bicycles.  These bicycles should only be considered if you are willing to make a serious/dedicated effort into the world of off-road cycling.


THE FAT BICYCLE – This machine is a hard-tail mountain bike with ultra wide forks and a special frame designed to handle tires twice as wide as most mountain bikes will ever see.  These bikes often have tires as wide as off-road motorcycles.  The result is a bicycle that can ride on sand, across snow, and over any number of surfaces that would cause a non-fat tire bike to stall or bog down.  These bicycles are incredibly fun to ride but outside of the purpose for which they were built – they are a lot of work to ride.  Riding a fat bike on asphalt or pavement creates a massive amount of rolling resistance; meaning that you have to put more effort into pedaling to compensate for the additional friction that super wide tires create on pavement.  Unless you plan on riding on the beach every day or you live in a place that has snow year-round; this is a very specialized bicycle with a single purpose and not practical for a variety of riding surfaces.


You need to be realistic about where you are planning on riding and the types of surfaces most available to you.  There are more styles of road/pavement bicycles than any other because the majority of cyclists are surrounded by countless miles of roads to ride on.

If you live on a farm or in a rural place where paved roads are the exception and not the norm, then a hard-tail mountain bike might make the most sense.  If you live in the middle of a large urban area and you plan on incorporating cycling into your visits to the grocery store – a hybrid bike with racks, or a cruiser bike with racks, or a touring bike might make the most sense.  With this knowledge it’s up to you to visit your local bike shop and test a few out to see what you like the best.


Please do not go to your local mega-ultra-gonzo big chain store that sells everything from laptops to diapers and everything between and purchase a bicycle in a box.  Sure you might like the price.  But I promise you that the money you THINK you are saving is not really worth it.

First, you have to build the bike yourself.  Then you have to fit it.  Wait.  What does that mean?  Any bicycle you purchase has to be specifically fitted to your body or else you are going to have an uncomfortable ride.  Then there’s the question of who is going to help you if there’s something wrong with your new bicycle in a box?  Wait… you have to spend how much to ship it off and get it fixed?

Trust me.  A bicycle shop is the only place to purchase a bicycle.  They’ll build your bike and fit it to you.  They’ll maintain the bike for you and they’ll be able to help you with any questions you have.  Cyclists are passionate about cycling.  And I’ve yet to meet any employee of a local bicycle shop that isn’t a die-hard cyclist.

Big name super-stores don’t care about you.  YOU are a number to them.  They sell thousands of items a day.  And a bicycle is no ordinary item.  Your local bicycle shop can help you make a wise, educated decision and get you started off on the optimal path towards meeting your health and fitness goals.

For me, personally, I take my bicycles to FASTRACK BICYCLES in Santa Barbara (where I live).  Owned and operated by former Olympic cyclist Dave Lattieri – who also was a mechanic for this little bicycle race in France called “Le Tour de France” – don’t know if you’ve ever heard of it… he’s an amazing resource for any and all things cycling.

If you are in the Santa Barbara area and want to see a great local bicycle shop – please look them up and pay them a visit.

Mr. Dave Lattieri

118 W. Canon Perdidio
Santa Barbara, CA 93101
(805) 884-0210
Or visit them on the web – http://www.fastrackbicycles.com/


My East Coast – Favorite Local Bike Shop:

Mr. Tommy Allore
13975 US HWY 1
(561) 627-2453
Or visit them on the web – https://tribikerun.com/


My Hawaii Bike Shop Connection:

Mr. Donnie Arnoult
99 Hana Hwy
Paia, HI 96779
(808) 579-9009
Or visit them on the web – https://www.gocyclingmaui.com/